What are the symptoms of measles? (How does measles occur and how is it treated?) - HEALTYMON - healty exercise

Monday, January 20, 2020

What are the symptoms of measles? (How does measles occur and how is it treated?)

Measles is among the major health problems in many countries, including those in the United States and Europe. According to the who, 110 thousand people died of measles in 2017 and 140 thousand in 2018 after vaccine rejection increased by 30% globally between 2016-2017. In 2019, the highest number of cases were seen in Madagascar, the Philippines, Ukraine, Nigeria, Kazakhstan and India, 4 thousand in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, 125 in Nigeria, and 17 people in Ukraine died of measles.

Iüc Cerrahpasa Faculty of Medicine Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology AD lecturer Assoc. Dr. Ilker Inan Balkan emphasized that the only way to prevent measles is to keep vaccination rates at or above 95%. Dr. Ilker Inan Balkan, who underlined that measles, which causes deaths in the world, creates an epidemic risk in our country, answered the Frequently Asked Questions about measles as follows::

What is measles?

Measles is a disease that can be seen in childhood more often at any age, can be easily transmitted by the respiratory tract and can lead to outbreaks, and can cause death with complications. The disease is caused by the measles virus, the only known source for the measles virus is humans.

What symptoms does measles cause and what is its clinical course?

It starts with fever, weakness, loss of appetite, red eyes and cough. In this phase, which lasts 2-4 days, where typical red rashes do not appear on the skin yet, white-grayish-colored copycat spots can be seen on the inner surface of the cheek giving the appearance of salt thrown. These spots, which are specific in the diagnosis of measles, disappear after the rash begins on the skin.

Is the clinical course of measles the same in infants and adults, are there differences?

Measles may be more severe in infants and older age. Complications are more common regardless of age, in those with immunodeficiency, in pregnant women, in those with vitamin A deficiency or malnutrition. In these groups, severe pneumonia, inflammation of the brain can be seen. 60% of women who have measles during pregnancy experience at least one complication (miscarriage, baby's death in the womb, such as premature birth) and the risk of maternal death rises to 12%.

How is measles transmitted?

The person exposed to the measles virus gets 90% measles if they do not have a vaccine or have not previously had measles. The virus settles into the respiratory tract and continues to infect the infected person by hanging in the air for close to two hours when it is scattered into the air in micro droplets. Even if the patient is not in direct contact with the person, being in the same environment is sufficient for transmission.

When should I get the measles vaccine?

Measles vaccine, in our country childhood vaccine calendar (rubella and mumps in the same vaccine) 12. per month and 48. per month (or master class or Primary 1. in class) is administered free of charge in the form of two doses. Two doses of the vaccine will last for life. If two doses were not vaccinated in childhood, the risk group would be vaccinated under the adult vaccination program.

What are the side effects of the measles vaccine?

The measles vaccine is a live-attenuated vaccine, and no side effects are expected except pain-swelling-redness and mild fever at the vaccine site in 10% of those administered, and mild rash in 5%. There is no association between the measles vaccine and autism. Measles vaccines in our country do not contain a substance that can have a toxic effect on the body and pig gelatin. Vaccine contents www.asi.saglik.gov.tr access is available from.

How is measles treated?

There is no specific drug used to treat a patient with measles. Fever reducers and liquid supplementation are usually sufficient. Vitamin A is used in the treatment of some children. Antibiotics are given if a complication due to bacteria (pneumonia, inflammation of the ear) develops during the course of measles.

What are the consequences of measles if left untreated?

Complications occur in 30% of measles cases. Middle ear infections,pneumonia are the most common. Complications related to the heart and brain are rarer.

What should be done to prevent measles?

The only way to prevent measles is to get vaccinated. Immunisation lasts for life. It's very difficult to protect someone without the vaccine from measles. If the person in this situation comes into contact with a measles patient, the measles protection standard antiserum is applied. Respiratory isolation measures should be taken in the follow-up of a patient with measles. The person diagnosed with measles is contagious for 5 days after the rash appears, it is important not to go out into the community unless it is mandatory, not to come into contact with pregnant women and those in the risk group without the vaccine. It is recommended that you wear a mask when you leave the house in case of necessity. To prevent measles cases, the vaccine inclusivity rate across the country should not be reduced to below 95%.

Could it be suggested to “pass measles in a controlled manner” instead of being vaccinated to protect against measles?

Absolutely not. Measles is a disease that can be fatal, although it is usually mild. Children under the age of five account for the majority of the 4 thousand deaths in the first 9 months of 2019 in the Democratic Republic of Congo, where vaccination cannot be carried out effectively, according to UNICEF data. However, it should be noted that the measles virus caused the disease in 10682 people in Europe in the last year and 18 people lost their lives.

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